One key difference between a legend and a folktale is the element of truth. Every area has their own fairy tales which can be categorized into different types which are fables, folktales, myth, and legends. Even though myths and folktales appear similar in nature, they also have distinguishable differences between them. Magic, magical creatures and magical people such as witches, dragons and dwarves are staple of a fairy tale rather than religion, which is the basis for myth. Mark Tulin from Ventura, California on March 01, 2017: Good thing to know. In some cases, folktales can have a number of versions. A legend contains some facts and becomes exaggerated to the point that real people or events take on a "larger than life" quality. Myths, legends, fables and folktales are types of stories originally passed by word-of-mouth, but are now found in writing. 1. What differentiates a folktale from a fairy tale has long been the subject of debate. More people know about those than Greek myths these days. For instance, some can be historical stories while others are adventures. Myth vs Folktale In every culture, there are folktales and myths that are two varieties of stories having a difference between them.Folktales can be understood as stories that have been passed down from ancestors of a particular group of people to the younger generations. This highlights that although some similarities can be identified between a folktale and a legend, there exists a clear difference as well. There can also be other varieties such as moral stories and even fairy tales. Folktale and legends are two varieties of stories belonging to a culture between which some difference can be identified. “Myth” comes from the Greek word “mythos” which means “word of mouth”. Folktale and legends are two varieties of stories belonging to a culture between which some difference can be identified. All rights reserved. The folkloric version of gossip, if you will. It is often difficult to separate them from folklore and popular imagination, because they have become rooted in the culture of peoples. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. But these individuals can have magical powers. Myths are often considered sacred and involve gods and other creatures as both heroes and antagonists. The main difference between myth and folktale is that myth is a legendary story usually explaining some historical or religious phenomenon while folktale is a fictional story passed down by generations. Nah, the most well-known myths are the ones told in the bible. By Staff Writer Last Updated Apr 13, 2020 2:22:15 PM ET. Thanks. Myths vs Folk Tales. As children, we all have heard of folktales and legends of heroes and warriors. Folklore refers to the culture of a people, it includes their stories, but also beliefs, practices, crafts, and legends that are handed down from generation to generation. While it is true that all these words refer, at their most basic level, to stories going back centuries, they each represent a unique genre of tales. On top of this, the confusion worsens as many similar genres come in-between them like legends and fairy tales among others. Folktale:  A folktale is a story that is passed down from one generation to another in a particular group of people, through word of mouth. Fables- are stories that are passed down, with a good lesson to be learned, and are about animals, plants, or forces of nature that are humanlike. Folktales include myths, legends, fables, animal tales and fairy tales. First things first, we’ve got a bit of a hierarchical/taxonomic distinction to make here. Now let us summarize the difference in the following manner. This lesson covers the following objectives: You’ve probably heard of Paul Bunyan, the giant lumberjack who is always accompanied by Babe the Blue Ox. Legends are incredibly similar to myths, but with legends, there’s a historical basis to them. Generally I feel like mythology and myths cross a lot of boundaries when it comes storytelling. Folktale: A folktale deals with the obstacles undergone by an individual or a group. Sometimes folktales can contain an element of truth, but most folktales have become lost in its oral tradition. Difference Between Fairytale and Folktale, Robin Hood statue, Nottingham Castle, England-13March2010, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Nick Translation and End Filling, Difference Between President and Vice President, Difference Between Overtone and Undertone, Difference Between Democrats and Republicans, Difference Between 5 HTP Tryptophan and L-Tryptophan, Difference Between N Glycosylation and O Glycosylation, Difference Between Epoxy and Fiberglass Resin. Difference between legend and folktale is, legend is a traditional story which is true, while folktales are not recognized as true in human society. Coming from Engineering cum Human Resource Development background, has over 10 years experience in content developmet and management. Suzette Walker from Taos, NM on July 31, 2014: Nice hub! Legend: Legends, unlike folktales, possess an element of truth as they are linked to a historical event or place. In short, folktales were tales spun orally and passed down. Hence, it is accurate to highlight that folktales are connected with the culture of each society creating diverse stories among different groups of people. One common method that may be used to differentiate between the two terms, however, is for someone to consider the scope of a story and use this to distinguish between mythology and folklore. What's the difference? But, with time, the stories evolve, making it hard to distinguish what actually happened. Remember the bedtime stories your parents would tell you as a child? Main Difference – Myth vs. Legend. In most folktales, the story is about the characters overcoming an obstacle. Read amazing stories, solve puzzles, play games, meet a dragon and help save a world. Throughout history, myths have been used to explain seemingly unexplainable phenomena regarding how and why the w… Concise way of categorizing them. As a verb legend is (archaic|transitive) to tell or narrate; to recount. But the main thing that makes myths a bit different as a genre, if we can call these categories that, is that most often they’re based on some kind of religion or belief system. Stories told though legends are handed down through generations orally, until written down and published. Folktales can be heard in all cultures. There are also supernatural elements in folktales. A myth is a traditional story that usually describes the origin of a person or place; folklore is a collection of fictional stories involving people or animals; and a legend is a story that claims to be rooted in history, but it does not have any legitimate verification. Legends, myths, and fairy tales are all various types of folklore, most of which have been passed down through generations. When concentrating on the features of the folktale specifically, the main characters are always human beings. In fact, there are vast differences between the two which will be discussed in the following topic. Either the creatio… However, the folktales that are enjoyed by children in Japan, maybe completely different to the folktales enjoyed by children in England. Glad I could help clarify. There are myths about the creation of the earth, myths to explain mysteries and superstitions, and myths about people. They vary in th… A legend is a story that both storyteller and their audiences believe actually happened in the distant past. A legend is a folk tale created with elements of fiction based on a historical event, and which, over the years, has been enriched with … Ever wondered the difference between fairytales and folktales? While mythology is study of myths. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, a legend refers to a traditional story that may or may not be true. Legends were used to "inspire and teach". Myths are traditional stories told to describe why something happens. I think a story can be both myth and fairy tale, or myth and fable, depending on the culture and a few other factors. Both myths and legends are short stories, with a beginning, a development and an end. Let's explore. LEGENDS. The key difference between folktale and legend is that while folktales are stories that are passed down from one generation to another, legends are truly inspired from historical events. While there is no definitive consensus among scholars, there are some basic differences between the two. Legends are also stories that have been made up, but they are different from myths. This is important as, unlike other tale types, legends are rooted in reality. Well known examples include: the legend of Robin Hood, Blackbeard the pirate, and King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. Deborah Minter from U.S, California on December 31, 2017: Good article! Or perhaps you recall the Disney movies of Snow White and Cinderella better? These stories are very ingrained in people. View Full Essay. Difference between Myth and Legend. To learn more about literature, review the accompanying lesson called The Fable, Folktale, Myth, Legend: Differences and Examples. You did a good job of defining each of these types of tales. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. However, these are not the same. Aesop, an ancient Greek storyteller, created a variety of fables we still tell today. While these people really existed, it is hard to tell if the stories told about them are true. Legends usually consist of a hero or heroic character, and can include supernatural elements. Whereas myth has at its core the origins of a people and is often sacred, folklore is a collection of fictional tales about people or animals. I took an interest in folklore etc when I first got interested in folk music many years ago. For instance, legends such as Robin Hood contain an element of truth, although the truth may have become caught up in the story for so long that it has transformed itself into a mere tale. These are all fairy tales: stories involving fantastical creatures, usually created for the entertainment of children. Greek myth: Gaea, aka Mother Earth, creating the world. And a story. Superstitions and unfounded beliefs are important elements in the folklore tradition. We read and studied all the famous stories, from 'King Midas and the Golden Touch', to Daedalus and Icarus. Fair warning, there's some theology in this one. Folktales- stories from different cultures that were told and passed down from generation to generation. The central figures in legends were actual people once, and stories built up around them as time went on. Charles Perrault’s Tales of Mother Goose is often viewed as a famous folktale collection. Both myths and folklore were originally circulated orally. “Folklore” is an umbrella term that encompasses many different forms such as narratives, customs, beliefs, material objects, etc. So the myth is based on events that turned more spiritual in activity with much of it … Folktales - a characteristically anonymous, timeless, and placeless tale circulated orally among a people Unlike fairy tales and fables, legends are based on facts and claim to be historical in nature. The summer before 5th grade, I happily enrolled in a Greek mythology summer school class. “Kuniyoshi The Ghosts“. When speaking of folktales they can have different story lines. Legends are usually based on some sort of historical fact and have had their characters or events embellished over the tellings and retellings. In different societies, there are legends. What is difference between myths,legends,fables,folk tales and fairy tales? I have wondered about these distinctions. Difference between myth and mythology is, myth is a traditional story which may be false or true. Oban explains difference between myths,legends,fables,folk,fairy tales,stories of Animals Myths and Legends. A myth is more spiritual than physical. They can not be set at any time or any where. Through this arti… Another difference between the two is that while folktales mostly highlight a crisis that the individual overcomes in life, a legend is a story of fame and glory. Legend: A legend refers to a traditional story that may or may not be true. The Similarities and Differences of Myths and Other Types of Storytelling Such as Legends, Folktales, and Fairytales PAGES 2. These are usually related to the history of the society and also connected with its culture. Key Differences: Myths are stories that are used to explain a practice, belief or a natural phenomenon using made up characters.Folk tales are cautionary stories that have been passed down orally from generation to generation. Speaking of stories and folktales that often become well known, to avoid confusion between two different ways of counting them; Here’s the difference between myth and legend. The difference between mythology and folklore can be quite subtle, and the terms are often used interchangeably by both laypeople and established scholars. Folktale: Folktales can contain truth, but most are stories that have been made and passed on from generation to generation. Fairy tales are usually short, fanciful stories that generate an escape from reality into a magical world of dragons, fairies, witches, goblins, elves, and other magical creatures. Legends, myths, and fairy tales all have a place in folklore, the main difference between them being content, and whether or not that content has a historical basis. Remember the thrilling tales of Jack and the Giant and Beauty and the Beast? The key difference between folktale and legend is that while folktales are stories that are passed down from one generation to another, legends are truly inspired from historical events. Myths answer questions about how the natural world works, and are set in a time long-ago, before history was written. Myths are often traditional and/or religious stories that take place in a timeless past. Folklore refers to the culture of a people, it includes their stories, but also beliefs, practices, crafts, and legends that are handed down from generation to generation. About this essay More essays like this: Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. you all have listened to folktales as children. The same with myths and legends. The two words seem basically interchangeable, right? A myth is a story that explains the creation of the world or depicts the exploits of a culture's gods and heroes. Whereas fairy tales are elaborate tales based on magic and the world of mystical beings, folktales relate to everyday life, showcasing both humans and animals as their heroes. It was super-nerdy fun. WORDS 327. The most well-known myths are those told in ancient Greece and Rome. I liked how the stories were fantastical, but had deeper meaning. Sckylar Gibby-Brown (author) from Phoenix, AZ on July 31, 2014: That's awesome! Robin Hood statue, Nottingham Castle, England-13March2010 By David Telford from London, UK (robin hood  Uploaded by Snowmanradio) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons, Filed Under: Books Tagged With: Compare Folktale and Legend, Folktale, Folktale and Legend Difference, folktale definition, folktale meaning, legend, legend definition, legend meaning. Through this journey as they reach towards their happy ending, the listener is provided with action, wisdom, morals, and even justice. For example, the legends of King Arthur and his knight of the round table. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } There is a fine line that draws the difference between folk tales and myths. Folklore is often used synonymously with folktales, though folklore does not necessarily have to be stories. They are, however, so close in nature it is easy to confuse them. A lot of myths will be creation stories. They often include characters that can be determined as people who actually existed, though the stories told in legends cannot be proved to have actually happened. Legends are about people and their actions or deeds. It is good to know the definitions of each one of these. Similar meanings, yet each are in it's own category. Legend The term legend derives from the Latin word legere which refers more or less to “what can be read”. Folklore is often used synonymously with folktales, though folklore does not necessarily have to be stories. Whether you are an Asian, European, African, etc. Legends- are designed to teach a lesson about a real person in History, with a few facts dramatically changed. Through this article, let us examine the differences between a folktale and a legend. The main difference between Legend and Myth is that a Legend is a historical basis story for legendary people and events, but that is without substantiation, and a Myth is a story based on tradition or legend, which has a deep symbolic meaning. Legend: A legend is a story of fame and glory. As children, we all have heard of folktales and legends of heroes and warriors. Don A. Hoglund from Wisconsin Rapids on July 31, 2014: Very good! Legends. Description Myths. A folktale is a story that is passed down from one generation to another in a particular group of people, through word of mouth. While myths and legends may be transmitted orally or in writing, folk tales tend to be transmitted orally, and they are more definitely regarded as fiction. Fables are similar to folktales in that they usually tell of everyday life and use animals, and sometimes humans, as their protagonists. The stories of Paul’s adventures are famous in American folklore, having been passed down orally by North American loggers and later popularized in the late 1800s by freelance author, William B. Laughead. [Public Domain] via Wikimedia Commons, 2. Myths-are stories that are passed down about how or why something came to be. As nouns the difference between legend and folktale is that legend is a story of unknown origin describing plausible but extraordinary past events while folktale is a tale or story that is part of the oral tradition of a people or a place. References "Similarities and differences between Myths and Legends"in Academia. They incorporate invented characters — usually supernatural entities, such as deities and demigods — and fantastical story elements (e.g., a flying, magic carpet), and usually take place "beyond" or "outside" of conventional timelines. However, while folktales are stories created for entertainment, fables are written to convey a moral, to teach children lessons of life. The two main types which confuse people a lot are fables and folktales since they are considered similar. Legends - a story coming down from the past; especially : one popularly regarded as historical although not verifiable b : a body of such stories c: a person or thing that inspires . Legends are usually about a person or groups of people, events, places, and like folklore often involve the supernatural. Gadfly from Olde London Towne on October 31, 2019: The High Priestess of Avalonia is a reality, I have met her.But my pathway is long and may not 'pay off' for me. Both myths and legends are stories or narratives that are passed from one generation to another. Ever hear of the Tortoise and the Hare? (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. The specialty of a legend is that it is linked to a true event or place. A folktale is more physical than spiritual. However, these are not the same. In legends, there is a connection to a historical event or place. However there is a difference between myth, legend and fable. Believe actually happened in the culture of peoples legends are two varieties of stories belonging to a culture which... Before 5th grade, I happily enrolled in a Greek mythology summer school class separate them from folklore and imagination! But most are stories that are passed down movies of Snow White and Cinderella better, tales! Midas and the terms are often used synonymously with folktales, the Giant lumberjack is... 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