Katelyn Lynn has been writing health and wellness articles since 2007. 3.1 out of 5 stars 4. Hold the Japanese plum tree vertical in the hole, once you are sure it is sitting at the proper planting depth. You will need to select a full sun area, which is large enough to accommodate two trees. You will need more than one Satsuma if you want them to bear fruit. Water the Japanese plum tree, letting the water run slowly so it can soak down to the roots. When your Stark Bro’s bare root tree arrives, our professionals have already pre-pruned your tree for you. Japanese plum trees are frost sensitive, so an area that lends them some protection is a good idea. Simply sprinkle a handful of fertilizer around the base of the plum and water in well. Plant a Japanese plum tree in full sun, and make sure you provide rich, well-draining soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. Japanese plum "Burgundy" (P. salicina "Burgundy"), needs 250 to 350 hours between 32 and 45 degrees Fahrenheit each winter to set fruit. Japanese plums originated in China, not Japan, but were brought to the U.S. via Japan in the 1800’s. Prunus salicina 'Lizzie' (Japanese plum 'Lizzie') will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 5-10 years. This can can help plump up the roots. Prepare your soil as soon as it is workable in the spring and amend it with plenty of organic compost. GENERAL CARE Never prune Plums from March through to July, instead Summer prune to control vigour and shape. Prepare your soil as soon as it is workable in the spring and amend it with plenty of organic compost. Japanese plum trees are more delicate as well and require temperate conditions. Mound the filled soil in around the top of the root ball and tamp down with your hands. You may want to prune any branches that cross in the middle or grow straight through the center of the tree to increase aeration, which allows for better fruit set as well as easier picking. Once plum fruit appear in summer, thin out the plums to help prevent limbs from breaking due to excess weight. Apply 1 pound (0.5 kg.) Plums are usually trained as an open-centred bush tree with a clear stem of 75cm (2½ft). Use aged manure, compost, leaf mold or similar material. The fruit is larger, rounder and firmer than its European counterpart. This species has been cultivated in a number of locations from the United States to Europe, where it has been used in gardens for nearly 200 years. Stone fruits of the native American plums ... First Year Plum Tree Care . The strong similarities between wild and domestic trees, and between the descriptions of ancient writers and observations today make this fruit tree noted for its remarkable consistency. After they establish themselves in your garden, your loquat only requires minimal maintenance throughout the growing season. Fertilize Japanese plum trees with 1 to 3 lbs. Thin the plums down to about 4 to 6 inches apart from one another. Also, some varieties of European plum can be dried, but this is not true for Japanese varieties, and some types of Japanese plum are useful as hedge-rows in landscaping , unlike the larger, more upright growing European cultivars. Given suitable growing conditions, a mature tree can produce as much as two to three bushels of plums … Finish filling in with soil. According to the National Gardening Association, you should plant plum trees with the graft union 1 inch above the soil line. On Citation Rootstock which is tolerant of wet soil, induces early dormancy in dry soil, is very winter hardy, resists root knot nematodes, and produces a 12'-18' tree. One of the earliest blooming fruit trees, it flowers in late winter into the early spring with a multitude of aromatic, white blossoms. Japanese plums tend to flower particularly early and frost protection is usually need. Then, fill the remainder of the planting hole with soil. Grown in moist, neutral, well-drained, moderately fertile soil in full sun. Broken, diseased, or dead branches are typically removed in order to prevent decay-producing fungi from infecti… According to Sunset Plant Finder, Japanese plum trees need between 500 and 900 hours of 45 degree F (or lower) temperature in order for the trees to produce fruit. [1] If you are planting more than one Japanese plum tree, make sure to dig the planting holes approximately 15 to 20 feet apart from one another. Caring for Your Loquat Tree. Prunus mume is an East Asian and Southeast Asian tree species classified in the Armeniaca section of the genus Prunus subgenus Prunus.Its common names include Chinese plum, Japanese plum, and Japanese apricot.The flower, long a beloved subject in the traditional painting and poetry of East Asia and Vietnam, is usually called plum blossom. $79.99 $ 79. of organic fertilizer or well-aged manure in March of the first and second year, in addition to one cup (240 ml.) It is LOADED ~~~!!!! Plant a Japanese plum tree in full sun, and make sure you provide rich, well-draining soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. If the root system of the bare-root Japanese plum appears dried out, soak it in a bucket of water for 30 minutes to one hour prior to planting. Hold the Japanese plum tree vertical in the hole, once you are sure it is sitting at the proper planting depth. Plum trees are also susceptible to Japanese beetle attacks. Then, slowly scoop in a few shovelfuls of soil. The Chinese plum (Prunus mume) is a rare ornamental tree that has been cultivated in China and Korea for more than 1,000 years. Spread the soil in and around the roots of the Japanese plum tree using your hands. Dig out a planting hole for the bare-root Japanese plum that is approximately 18 to 24 inches wide and about 16 to 18 inches deep. Pruning helps balance the top growth of your tree with the root system, giving the roots time to re-establish in your yard before spring growth. Suggested uses. FREE Shipping by Amazon. Over the first weeks, water regularly as long as it doesn’t freeze. The Japanese plum tree (Prunus salicina) is a medium-sized fruit-producing tree, typically growing to about 15 to 20 feet in height. Pour enough water into the planting hole to fill it. Consider growing plums as fans against a south-, south-west or west-facing wall or fence in less favourable situations. Like species trees, … Some varieties of Japanese plum trees require another tree for pollination. of a 10-10-10 or 12-12-12 fertilizer every year. Roots spread in planting hole. Japanese plum flavor ranges from sweet to tart. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. of calcium nitrate in March and August. In the spring, fertilize with a 10-10-10 food and then again in the early summer. Perfect Plants Scarlet Beauty Plum Tree Live Plant, Produces Fruit, 4-5ft, Includes Care Guide. In the summer of the first year, cut the vigorous shoots that form on the top of the tree by two or three buds. Plant a Japanese plum tree for beautiful, fragrant spring blossoms and huge summer harvests of juicy, delicious plums. Japanese plum trees and American hybrids need to cross-pollinate, which means you’d need a second tree to produce fruit. Japanese plums require full sun -- at least six to eight hours of direct, bright light, each day to produce healthy growth and fruit. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Position the tree in the hole with the top of the graft union between 3-4 inches (7.6-10 cm.) I added some humus from the existing areas of forest garden in order to encourage a beneficial fungal environment. Because of this, you DO NO… Trees … The plums are the most commonly eaten fresh plum thanks to their juicy, sweet taste. When your tree is dug up from our fields to be shipped to you, the root ball loses many of its tiny feeder roots, which are needed to absorb moisture and nutrients. Prunus salicina 'Methley' (Japanese plum 'Methley') will reach a height of 6m and a spread of 6m after 5-10 years. We are looking at a tree at Richard Ardoin's house in Eunice La. Juicier, but not quite as sweet as its European cousin, ‘Satsuma’ is a large, dark red, sweet plum prized for canning and eating right off the tree. I positioned the new plum tree in the planting hole, taking care to ensure that the roots were spread out as evenly as possible. After this time, you can add 2/3 cup (160 ml.) Dig out a planting hole for the bare-root Japanese plum that is approximately 18 to 24 inches wide and about 16 to 18 inches deep. Dig a hole three times larger than the root ball of the tree. Pruning can reduce specific defects or structural problems in a tree to greatly lessen the risk of failure. Cottage/Informal, Flavouring food and drinks, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree. By pruning you can keep your tree at any height. Feb 10, 2018 - Explore Cathey Hardeman's board "Plum tree care" on Pinterest. Sunlight. The Japanese plum tree (Prunus salicina) is a medium-sized fruit-producing tree, typically growing to about 15 to 20 feet in height. Japanese plum trees grow vigorously and require high pruning and fruit thinning. The Damson is often grouped with the European plums, but botanists classify it as a separate species. Cultivated Plum tree varieties trace back to the beginning of human history, and Plum remains have been discovered in archeological sites back to the Stone Age. Let the water completely drain back before proceeding. At the beginning of the growing season horticultural oils should also be used to smother scale insects and reduce over wintering populations of aphid and mite eggs. Cephalotaxus harringtonia, most commonly known as the Japanese plum yew, is an evergreen shrub native to Japan, northeastern China, and Korea.The attractive foliage and ease of care have also made it popular for landscaping. Japanese plum is a common name for several trees producing edible fruits and may refer to: Prunus mume; Prunus salicina; Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) See also. Some of our favorite midsummer fruit! Semi-dwarfing size are easy to harvest, prune, and maintain. Incorporate into the soil you extracted from the planting hole 1 to 2 cubic feet of an organic matter. 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