“Kenning.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/kenning. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Omissions? In Beowulf you find many kennings for king, including: Ring-giver; Treasure-giver Comitatus "bro-code" pay allegiance to a leader to get something worthwhile in return. So basically it's two words to create an adjective in place of a noun. It comes from Old Norse, a.k.a. : a perceptible but small amount. A kenning is a literary device in which a poetic phrase substitutes for a noun. Accessed 24 Dec. 2020. A kenning is commonly a simple stock compound such as “whale-path” or “swan road” for “sea,” “God’s beacon” for “sun,” or “ring-giver” for “king.”. They are common in Old Norse, Icelandic, and Old English (Anglo-Saxon) poetry, and usually use either a hyphen (e.g. Anything could be described using a kenning. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. But there's something odd about it. Rate! Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Examples: Kenning Primary Meaning Allusion Source Slaughter-dew Blood Norse Tree … noun (2) Definition of kenning (Entry 2 of 2) : a metaphorical compound word or phrase (such as swan-road for ocean) used especially in Old English and Old Norse poetry. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! See the separate page List of names of Odin for more Odin kennings: N: Odin: Hanged god: Odin hung on the Tree of Knowledge for nine days in order to gain wisdom. What is the "swan's road"? swan-road(the sea) stout-hearted(brave) battle sweat(blood) light-of-battle(sword) helmet bearers(warriors) giver of gold(king) earth-hall(burial mound, barrow) dwelling place(home) When we translate these kennings from Anglo-Saxon, they lose some of their poetic quality. Many kennings are allusions that become unintelligible to later generations. Kennings are metaphoric terms used in place of nouns. Kennings in Beowulf. A kenning also allows the scop some variety, so words don’t become overused. In the best kennings, one element of the phrase will create a striking, unexpected comparison. Middle English, sight, view, from gerund of kennen. Many (not all) kennings end with “er”/“or” although this is not a requirement. There were many names for the sea in Old English poetry. What made you want to look up kenning? kenning (n.1) "periphrastic expression in early Germanic poetry" (such as swan-road for "sea," sky-candle for "sun"), 1871, a modern learned word from Old Norse kenning in a special sense "poetical periphrasis or descriptive name" (it also meant "teaching, doctrine; preaching; mark of recognition"), from kenna "to know, to recognize, to feel or perceive; to call, to name (in a formal poetic metaphor)," from … Some examples? the sea. Kenning: Translated: Meaning: geardagum: Year's days (Literally the days of past years) days gone by: weorðmyndum: mind's worth: honour: fyrenðearfe: fire need: comfort: hron-rād: whale-road: the sea: seġl-rād: sail road: the sea: hwæl-weġ: whale's way: the sea: swan-rād: swan-road: the sea: heofon-candel: sky-candle: the sun: heofones ġim: sky's jewel: the sun Battle-sark = armor. Start studying Beowulf Kennings and Epithets. The poet uses the kenning sail-road for sea because it was like a road that ships would sail on. Have you ever wondered about these lines? Kenning, concise compound or figurative phrase replacing a common noun, especially in Old Germanic, Old Norse, and Old English poetry. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Swanrad, the swan-road, as the context makes clear, is a kenning for the sea, much like the better known hronrad, the whale-road (Beowulf 10). As a result, a kenning is a good device for an epic poem such as Beowulf, which is all about being larger than life. In line 10 of the epic Beowulf, the sea is called the hronrāde or 'whale-road'. “ring-giver” as a term for king) or a possessive (e.g. A kenning (Modern Icelandic pronunciation: [cʰɛnːiŋk]) is a figure of speech in the type of circumlocution, a compound that employs figurative language in place of a more concrete single-word noun.Kennings are strongly associated with Old Norse-Icelandic and Old English poetry. Other examples of kennings in the text of Beowulf are: “whale-road” describing the sea; “swan-road” also describing the sea; and “hall-troops,” referring to Danes and the Geats. Beowulf is a veritable kenning buffet. Matching game, word search puzzle, and hangman also available. kenning up to a new level of sophistication.6 The type of phrase that resulted, to be called a \compound kenning", might be described as a \kenning within a kenning". possessive kenning. : a metaphorical compound word or phrase (such as swan-road for ocean) used especially in Old English and Old Norse poetry merriam-webster.com Example sentences for Kenning Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Corrections? A non-Germanic analogue is the Homeric epithet—e.g., “rosy-fingered dawn.” See also skaldic poetry. What is the meaning of these kennings ? Match the kenning to the correct meaning. All the neighboring peoples across … In Beowulf, one of the most famous examples of a kenning is "whale-road." And the sea is referred to as the sail-road, swan road, whale's way, and whale-road. : a metaphorical compound word or phrase (such as swan-road for ocean) used especially in Old English and Old Norse poetry First Known Use of kenning Noun (1) The kenning derives from the story in which all plants and creatures swore never to … the language of the Vikings. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Delivered to your inbox! Example = swan-road (kenning) Adhere to poetic formatting (see Beowulf in your textbook for example) 15-20 lines in length 3 examples of alliteration 2 examples of a kenning Presentations of your boast will be conducted on Friday, September 2nd. whale-road (plural whale-roads) (obsolete, poetic) The sea, the ocean.1907, John Gibb, on Beowulf, published in The Children's Hour, volume 4, page 3: […] and his name was called Scyld.He grew to man's estate, and became a mighty king, and subdued the peoples under him. A woman is a peace-weaver , a traveller is an earth-walker , a sword is a wolf of wounds , the sun is a sky candle , the sky is the curtain of the gods , blood is battle sweat or battle icicle . A final example of a kenning, which I found on the Internet, refers to the secret language called runes. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …of this poetry are the kenning, a figurative name for a thing, usually expressed in a compound noun (e.g.. …use of periphrastic metaphors called kennings. What does it mean when it says that Beowulf "unlocked his word hoard"? kenning. Police= Law Enforcer Books= Parallel worlds Poptarts= frosted cardboard Rainbows: rain paint How do you create a kenning? Here are examples: sky-candle (the sun) swan-road (the sea) stout-hearted (brave) battle sweat (blood) light-of-battle (sword) helmet bearers (warriors) For example the sea in Old English could be called seġl-rād 'sail-road', swan-rād 'swan-road', bæþ-weġ 'bath-way' or hwæl-weġ 'whale-way'. English [] Etymology []. Finally, Anglo-Saxon poetry depended heavily on alliteration, and some kennings provided additional alliteration. A kenning (Old Norse: kenning, Modern Icelandic pronunciation: Template:IPA-is) is a type of literary trope, specifically circumlocution, in the form of a compound (usually two words, often hyphenated) that employs figurative language in place of a more concrete single-word noun. Updates? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Listed below are some modern kennings. Apparently one kenning per symbolic item wasn't enough. Learn a new word every day. Label the examples of alliteration and kenning in parentheses right after the example you create. Basically, it's when two nouns combine to create another noun. -ring giver gold giver 1 See answer Answers roietemillena Ambitious; Wealthy person, or a generous person 4.2 22 votes 22 votes Rate! A seal bath, fish home, swan road or whale way. ... A symbol is a metaphor that is come to have a specific meaning across a culture. For instance, if I say "My love is a rose," and I asked you what color it is, you would probably say "Red." open kenning. See also skaldic poetry. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A kenning is commonly a simple stock compound such as “whale-path” or “swan road” for “sea,” “God’s beacon” for “sun,” or “ring-giver” for “king.”. Heaven's candle. What is a kenning? Instead of blood, we get battle - sweat. What is the meaning of the Kenning Swan Road? Many kennings are allusions that become unintelligible to later generations. Anything could be described using a kenning. ... the first letter of right what is the answer Language is the vehicle through which we create our understanding the world meaning. Kenning is a term in poetry which can be found at Wikipedia.org, or the word kenning in certain contexts may be the simple expansion of the word 'ken', meaning within ones grasp or reason. These phrases, …poetic vocabulary employed periphrases, or kennings, of such complexity that the poetry resembles riddles: the phrase. A non-Germanic analogue is the Homeric epithet —e.g., “rosy-fingered dawn.”. Kennings are strongly associated with Old Norse and later Icelandic and Anglo-Saxon poetry. The term is a derivative of the Old Norse kenna, “to perceive,” “to know,” or “to name.”. Kennings are a compound expression in Old English and Old Norse poetry with metaphorical meaning. From whale +‎ road, after Old English hranrād.. Noun []. ... prepositional kenning. Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for kenning, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about kenning. The sea was also called the swan road and the whale road in Old English poetry. ... Swan-road Whale-road Battle Storm of swords Queen Peace-bringer among nations Flashcards for studying any subject. Here are some examples: swan-road (the sea) helmet bearers (warriors) battle sweat (blood) giver of gold (king) light of battle (sword) earth-hall (burial mound) Another way to think of the definition is this: a kenning is a metaphor which describes everyday objects in colorful language and is made up of compound words or the union of two separate words. For example, if \ship" was a \horse of the sea" and the sea was the \whale-road", then a ship became a \horse of the whale-road". Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Kenning--a picturesque metaphoric compound in Old English that stands for a simple noun. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Swans may be water fowl, but they are not seabirds. A kenning can be almost like a puzzle or riddle, because its purpose is to show the item in an unusual way. “swan’s road” as a term for sea). 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Of kenning to Facebook, Share the Definition of kenning on Twitter or,! And the sea was also called the hronrāde or 'whale-road ', gerund! Swan ’ s road ” as a term for king ) or a possessive ( e.g or ” although is. ( e.g, word search puzzle, and other study tools road ships! Not all ) kennings end with “ er ” / “ or ” although this not! To a leader to get something worthwhile in return submitted and determine whether to revise the.... To the secret language called runes learn some interesting things along the way right what is swan road kenning meaning!